The main 1813 campaign consists of five mini campaigns
North Germany – Hanover - French v Prussians
Central Germany – Halle - French v Russians
Southern Germany – Linz - French v Austrians
Eastern Spain – Tarragona - French v Spanish
Western Spain – Burgos - French v British
Germany – 22 July 1813
In April 1813 Marshal Davout was appointed CinC of all French troops in Northern Germany. These were mainly the survivors of the Russian campaign of the previous year. He was ordered to hold the line of the river Elbe from Hamburg to Magdeburg.
On 1 May 1813 Prussia declared war on France, and general Blucher was ordered to invade Westphalia, take Magdeburg and secure a crossing of the river Elbe. It was anticipated that this objective could be achieved before the French could build up their forces and take the field.
Against all expectations Marshal Davout had the Second Army battle ready within days of the Prussian advance. He could not prevent Blucher crossing the river Elbe, but he did fight a series of battles for Magdeburg.
On 14 May 1813 Blucher won a narrow victory at the major battle of Magdeburg.
The next day Davout abandoned his defence of the river Elbe and withdrew towards Hanover.
Both armies were battered and weary after a hard fought campaign, both needed rest and reinforcement.Hanover Strategic Map - 23 May 1813
The Hanover Campaign is the sixth phase of the 1813 campaign, and the second phase of the campaign in northern Germany.
Davout deployed his army in and around Hanover.
Blucher deployed his army west of the river Elbe in and around Madgeburg.
After a period of rest and reorganization on 22 May 1813 Blucher received orders from Berlin to march his army westwards and take the city of Hanover. The second phase of the battle for Northern Germany had begun.
The campaign area covers an area 135 miles by 75 miles.
All movement is by road only
The red roads are the major supply routes, the yellow minor supply routes. The brown roads are tracks and not suitable for supply.Second French Army
The Second French Army consists of four corps.
Each corps has four infantry and one cavalry brigades.
Marshal Davout may withdraw cavalry brigades to form a cavalry reserve
The Prussian army also consists of four corps
Each corps has four infantry and one cavalry brigades
No change in this order of battle is allowed.